Psychology & Counseling

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This section will tell you all the main things you may want to know about Psychology & Counseling to help you make the right choice of medicine or treatment for solving your particular health problem. Below, there is a listing of Q&A with doctor / health expert replies to questions pertaining to Psychology & Counseling, followed by list of Psychology & Counseling related articles on the site.
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About Psychology & Counseling

Counseling Psychology is a special branch in the subject of Professional Psychology that primarily focuses on facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning throughout the life span. This branch pays attention towards all the social, emotional, vocational, educational and developmental concerns.


Counseling Psychology vs. Clinical Psychology

  1. The major difference lies in perspective and training
  2. Clinical Psychology focuses more on serious mental illness such as Schizophrenia, but Counseling Psychologists focus more on psychologically healthy individuals
  3. Clinical Psychology is primarily covered in medical schools and Counseling Psychology is housed in a school of education (albeit not all of them)


Counseling and Clinical Psychologists can also take care of similar kind of patients and overlap between the two field continues to grow.

Philosophy behind Pscyhology & Counseling

When talking to peers and family members renders no help Psychological Counseling comes into play. The counselors are very well trained and have the proper listening skills to help people explore their concerns. They work with families, groups and individuals.


It can be helpful in a broad range of individual and social problems. Normal life stages can be very difficult for a few people such as unemployment, loss of near and dear ones, relationship crises. There can also be much kind of phobias and anxieties or distress and depression. These are the areas counselors deal with.

History of Psychology & Counseling

Counseling and Psychotherapy theories were being developed during the beginning of the 20th century. However it is regarded that the roots of this subject originated a long time before that.


The most renowned work is that of Sigmund Freud whose research into the human mind began in 1881 in the city of Vienna. He underwent training to become a neurologist and started working with patients who were hysteric. His theories were named as Psychoanalysis.


There was also an 18th century physician known as Franz Anton Mesmer who discovered animal magnetism and James Braid who developed hypnotherapy. Hypnosis was a technique Freud adapted in his work but he recognised certain problems with it.


Carl Jung was a colleague of Freud, but with time the pair was split into two halves and Jung pursued his own school of analytical Psychology. His ideas are also very much appreciated in recent times.


In United States Counseling Psychology started as a result of World War II. At the time of war the US army needed vocational training and placement in an urgent manner. In the 1940s and 1950s the Veterans Administration developed a specialty called Counseling Psychology which is now known as the Society for Counseling Psychology, Which inculcated interest in counsellor training and the creation of few Counseling Psychology PHD programs.


Recent times have seen Counseling Psychology as a profession. It has expanded and is now present in numerous countries around the world.

Psychology & Counseling and Modern Science

The field of Psychology & Counseling has been a topic of deep study and application by modern science. This is a practice has covers both research and applied work across a number of different areas pertaining to the mental health of an individual as well as the person’s capacity to deal with various situations in life, some of them which can be very debilitating to health and peace of mind. To become a psychologist or Counseling psychologist there are very stringent and norms and standards in place in almost every country. In the US, a psychologist’s license requires 4-7 years of doctoral study and consequent degree post-bachelors, one year of full-time internship, all this including 3,000 hours of exams and supervised experience. Such psychologists are qualified to do applied work (treat patients in the real world) as well as do research and training.


This process as well as outcome of Psychology & Counseling is widely researched in modern science using a number of quantitative research methods such as randomly controlled clinical trials, correlation studies or laboratory studies as well qualitative research methods such as conducting, transcribing and analysing Counseling psychology sessions, interviews and the like.

More about Psychology & Counseling

This practice encompasses a broad range of culturally sensitive practices that helps people improve their well-being in a holistic approach by alleviating distress, resolving crises and enhancing abilities which enable them to perform better in life.


With attention to both normal developmental problems and physical, emotional, and mental disorders this specialty holds a unique perspective in the broad subject of Psychology.


The various types of therapies under it are as follows:


Cognitive and behavioural therapies

  1. Acceptance and commitment therapy
  2. Behavioural therapy
  3. Cognitive analytic therapy
  4. Cognitive behavioural therapy


Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapies

  1. Jungian therapy
  2. Psychoanalysis
  3. Psychodynamic therapy


Humanistic Therapies

  1. Existential therapy
  2. Gestalt therapy
  3. Human Givens therapy
  4. Person-centred therapy
  5. Psychosynthesis
  6. Reality therapy
  7. Transpersonal Psychology


Arts therapies

  1. Art therapy
  2. Music therapy
  3. Drama therapy
Pros and Cons of Psychology & Counseling


  1. The practice of Psychology & Counseling is very effective in dealing with mind related issues and concerns which  may plague a person and make him unhealthy or dysfunctional
  2. This system of health is well established and grounded in modern science and an integral part of many alternative medicine treatments
  3. It is many times used as a complement to medicinal treatment for severe cases related to mental health
  4. It is the most effective system for a person to resolve his mental complexes and lead a sustainable and health life both by mind and body
  5. It is a highly personalization science and can only work if it is tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of the individual
  6. It is a purely natural and conversational system that does not involve any external medication when practiced alone and is therefore very safe with no side-effects



  1. This system, in most cases, is not applicable to curing physical diseases and can primarily help the individual in having a balanced and health state of mind, though there will be therapeutic benefit to the body as well. Psychology and Counseling can however be used as a supplement to regular medications for certain physical illnesses where there is a strong mind body connection
  2. For severe mental illnesses or disorders, this system may not be sufficient as stand-alone and in such cases is generally used to complement psychiatry and corresponding medication
  3. Psychology & Counseling in most cases may require a series of sittings with the Psychologist or Counsellor to be able to effectively remove the mental malady from the root
  4. Though it is a topic of great research in modern science, the field of Psychology & Counseling is still not complete science and depends greatly on the skill of the Psychologist, personal understanding, intuition and human values that are hard for science to control or assess
Conditions Best Managed by Psychology & Counseling

Conditions that can be best treated through Pscyhology and Counseling are:

  1. Substance abuse
  2. Adolescent development
  3. Rehabilitation
  4. Anxiety disorder
  5. Crisis intervention
  6. Developmental disabilities
  7. Vocational Psychology
  8. Depression
  9. Phobias
  10. Family problems
  11. HIV patients with altered psyche
  12. Work related stress
  13. Sports Psychology
  14. Neuropsychology
FAQs on Psychology & Counseling

1. If I see a psychologist, does it mean that I am crazy?

No. There is this pre-conceived notion that makes people shy of asking for psychological help. Seeing a psychologist or a mental health professional means, that somehow you are struggling with your behaviour and feeling and you need help about that.


2. Is it possible to recover from a mental illness?

. The advancements in medication and he counselling techniques can treat a patient completely.


3. Who is susceptible to mental disorders?

People with a family history of psychiatric disorders, long standing stress and chronic illness, regular use of alcohol and other illicit drugs lead to mental disorders are susceptible to mental disorders.


4. When is the right time to see someone when I have this sort of problem?

We all have some difficult times in our life, but it passes along. Whenever there is a persistence of this problem, and starts interfering with our daily lives, we should consider consultation from an expert


5. What are the symptoms to be concerned about?

a) Social withdrawal or lack of interest in any activity

b) Problems with memory, concentration or logical thought

c) Feeling of disconnection from others

d) Suspiciousness

e) Drastic changes in sleep pattern or appetite

f) Mood swings


6. How long does a counseling session last?          

Each session lasts for 45 minutes to an hour. But it depends on your counselor or psychotherapist. This is flexible and you should discuss this with your therapist beforehand.


7. How often do I need to visit my therapist?

Most of the counselors offer one session per week. However it varies according to the type of therapy and your requirement.


8. Can I have counseling over the phone or online?

There are many counselors who provide online counseling and counseling over the phone if you cannot see them personally. strives to bring some of the best psychologists, counselors and coaches from around the world to your doorstep. Ask a Psychologist/Counselor Now


9. I am worried about someone close to me; how can I talk to him about mental health?

If you are worrying about someone else, then you are probably thinking how you can help that person. You should listen to him carefully and say whatever you are feeling. But it is important to know that, mental health is a sensitive issue. So it is better if you take him to any counsellor.

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